H.R. 46 - One Bill, One Subject Transparency Act

  • This bill requires each bill or joint resolution to include no more than one subject and the subject to be clearly and descriptively expressed in the measure's title.

  • An appropriations bill may not contain any general legislation or change to existing law that is not germane to the subject of the underlying bill.

  • The bill voids measures or provisions that do not comply with these requirements, including appropriation provisions outside the relevant subcommittee's jurisdiction.

HR 46 - One Bill, One Subject Transparency Act

HR 46 - One Bill, One Subject Transparency Act

HR 46 - One Bill, One Subject Transparency Act
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Text of H.R. 46 - One Bill, One Subject Transparency Act

117th CONGRESS
1st Session

H. R. 46

 

To require that each bill enacted by Congress be limited to only one subject and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

A BILL

To require that each bill enacted by Congress be limited to only one subject and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “One Bill, One Subject Transparency Act”.

SEC. 2. ONE SUBJECT PER BILL.

(a) One Subject.—Each bill or joint resolution shall embrace no more than one subject.

(b) Subject In Title.—The subject of a bill or joint resolution shall be clearly and descriptively expressed in the title.

(c) Appropriation Bills.—An appropriations bill shall not contain any general legislation or change of existing law provision which is not germane to the subject matter of the underlying bill. This subsection does not prohibit any provision imposing limitations upon the expenditure of appropriated funds.

SEC. 3. ENFORCEMENT.

(a) Multiple Subjects In Title.—If the title of an Act or joint resolution addresses two or more unrelated subjects, then the entire Act or joint resolution is void.

(b) Provisions Not Expressed In Title.—If an Act or joint resolution contains provisions concerning a subject that is not clearly and descriptively expressed in its title, those provisions shall be void.

(c) Appropriation Provisions Outside Subcommittee Jurisdiction.—If an Act appropriating funds contains a provision outside of the jurisdiction of the relevant subcommittee of the Committees on Appropriations of the House and of the Senate, and therefore outside the subject of the bill, then such provision shall be void.

(d) Provisions Of Appropriation Bills Not Germane To Subject Matter.—If an Act appropriating funds contains general legislation or change of existing law provision not germane to the subject matter of the underlying bill, then every such provision shall be void.

(e) Commencement Of An Action.—Any person, including a Member of the House of Representatives or a Member of the Senate, aggrieved by the enforcement or threat of enforcement of Acts that do not comply with section 2 shall have a cause of action under sections 2201 and 2202 of title 28, United States Code, against the United States to seek appropriate relief, including an injunction against the enforcement of any law, the passage of which did not conform to section 2 or this section. The cause of action only applies to an Act or joint resolution signed into law on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

(f) State Of Review.—In any judicial action brought pursuant to subsection (e), the standard of review shall be de novo.